Can You Sue For Wrongful Termination In Ohio?

In Ohio, employment is at-will, which means you can be fired for any reason or no reason at all, as long as it’s not illegal or unlawful.

If you haven’t signed a work contract or joined a union, Ohio considers you an at-will employee.

Employees who believe they have been unfairly terminated may have grounds to pursue legal action.

This leads us to the question Can You Sue For Wrongful Termination In Ohio?  We’ll look into that common question in the following article.

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Can you sue for wrongful termination in Ohio?
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Can You Sue for Wrongful Termination in Ohio?

Yes, you can certainly sue for wrongful termination in Ohio.

If you think you were terminated in a way that goes against federal and state anti-discrimination laws or an employment agreement. In that case, you should consult a lawyer as soon as possible.

Some laws have a short time limit for filing a claim, and you may lose your rights if you do not act quickly

What Constitutes Wrongful Termination in Ohio?

Several reasons can make a termination unlawful.

For instance, you probably know that employers cannot fire employees based on their gender, race, nationality, age, or disability.

It’s also against the law for employers to terminate employees belonging to specific protected classes.

Additionally, those on military service, or those taking certain medical leaves, filing Workers’ Compensation claims, or engaging in certain types of whistle-blowing activities, are some of the protected classes.

Some terminations have been found to violate Ohio’s “public policy,” such as firing someone for reporting an Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) complaint or serving on a jury.

These examples are not exhaustive; there may be other factors that make a termination illegal.

When Can You Sue For Wrongful Termination?

If you think your employer terminated you for unlawful reasons, such as discrimination, retaliation, violating a contract, or breaching public policy, you have the option to file a lawsuit for wrongful termination.

What to do if you think you’ve been wrongfully terminated in Ohio

If you’ve experienced wrongful termination or anticipate it, there are two important steps to take.

Firstly, thoroughly record all incidents. Ensure you maintain written documentation of any discrimination or retaliation in a location outside your employer’s control.

Gather names and contact details of witnesses.

Additionally, retain copies of your performance evaluations and other records to demonstrate that your termination wasn’t based on an unrelated reason, such as poor work performance.

The next step is to consult with a wrongful termination attorney at the earliest opportunity.

Timely action is crucial in wrongful termination cases, as a swift investigation is often necessary.

Legal deadlines, contingent on the specific employment laws violated, can vary significantly.

How to Prove Wrongful Termination in Ohio

The responsibility to prove wrongful termination usually lies with the employee.

It’s necessary to demonstrate that your termination was not only unjust but also unlawful/illegal.

This may include presenting direct evidence, such as emails or memos that indicate discriminatory intent.

On the other hand, you could use indirect proof.

Examples of indirect proof or what is known as circumstantial evidence include:

  • a track record of unfair comments or actions from your employer,
  • a sudden drop in your job evaluations after you reported problems at work, or
  • data that reveals a consistent trend of bias against specific groups in your workplace

What is the Average Settlement for Wrongful Termination Claims?

If you believe you were let go unfairly, it’s normal to wonder about how much you might get in compensation for your wrongful termination case.

If you reach a settlement or win in court, various factors determine the amount of money you receive.

These factors include the benefits you lost, the reason for your firing, any emotional stress you experienced, medical expenses, costs of finding a new job, and the income you lost.

In rare cases, you might also get punitive damages if your company’s behavior was especially bad.

Due to these factors, it is difficult to estimate the average settlement of wrongful termination since each case is unique.

Even though the usual payout for wrongful termination in Ohio falls between $4,000 and $80,000.

Also important to note is that, a competent employment attorney can help you understand your legal rights and reach a higher settlement.

What is the most you can sue for wrongful termination?

While large awards are possible, it’s important to note that federal laws limit punitive and compensatory damages in wrongful termination cases.

The capped amounts range from $50,000 to $300,000, depending on the number of employees on the employer’s payroll.

How long do you have to sue for a wrongful termination in Ohio?

In Ohio, the time limit for filing a wrongful termination lawsuit varies based on the specifics of the wrongful termination.

Generally, you have up to six years after termination to file most discrimination claims.

However, for age discrimination, the limit is 180 days.

The time limits differ for retaliation cases, with a 90-day window for filing a workers’ compensation claim.

Furthermore, you must file public policy claims within four years of wrongful termination.


In summary, you can sue for wrongful termination in Ohio if your employer fired you for an illegal reason.

Some of the illegal reasons are discrimination, retaliation, or violation of public policy.

If you believe you’ve been wrongfully terminated, consult a lawyer as soon as possible since some laws impose a short time limit for filing a claim.

Wrongful termination in Ohio is a complex and sometimes confusing area of law, but you may have a chance to get justice and compensation for your losses.

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